Medicinal herbs

360 MEDICINAL HERBS
and THEIR USES


- Acacia, Acacia senegal, MIMOSACEAE, gum arabic: drug industry(excipient) and gum arabic mucilage(food industry)
- Acalypha, Acalypha wilkesiana, Acalypha indica, EUPHORBIACEAE, whole plant : antifungal, anti-arteriosclerosis (A. indica in ayurvedic medicine), homeopathy (to prevent hemoptysis)
- Aconite, Aconitum napellus, RENUNCULACEAE, root :TOXIC, analgesic, sedative,against inflamed and engorged mucosa (respiratory), homeopathy
- Acore, Acorus calamus, ARACEAE, rhizome, tincture , essential oil : bitter tonic, perfumery, TOXIC risk
- Adhatoda (malabar nut tree), Adhatoda vasica, ACANTHACEAE, leave : asthma, chronical bronchitis, antispasmodic, expectorant
- Agave,century tree,Agave sisalane= Agave fourcroydes, AMARYLLACEAE, leaves :contain Hécogénine (steroids synthesis)
- Agrimonia, Agrimonia eupatoria, ROSACEAE, leaves and flowers, tincture : astringent, antidiabetic
- Ajuga reptans, LABIATEAE, flowers : asthma, chronic bronchitis
- Albizzia, Albizzia lebeck, FABACEAE, bark, bark of root : anti-allergic, to lower elevated cholesterols
- Alder Buckthorn, Rhamnus frangula, RHAMNACEAE, dry bark : laxative
- Alder, Alnus glutinosa, BETULINEAE, bark, green leaves, buds : astringent, anti-inflammatory
- Aletris, Aletris farinosa, LILIACEAE, root : eupeptic, to give an appetite
- Alfalfa, Medicago sativa, FABACEAE, leaves : tonic, menopause disorders
- Almond tree, Prunus dulcis, ROSACEAE, seed = kernel(almond), leaves and flowers : oil in cosmetomogy and dermatology, medicinal oil, emollient
- Aloes, Aloe vera = Aloe vulgaris = Aloe barbadensis, LILIACEAE, sap(juice) and gel : laxative, dermatology, cosmetology, immunostimulating, antiviral
- Aloysia triphylla = lippia citriodora, VERBENACEAE, leaves :mild sedative , antidyspepsia
- Amaranths, Amaranthus spinosus, Amaranthus viridis, AMARANTHACEAE, aerial parts : traditional "depurative"
- Ambrosia, Ambrosia maritima, ASTERACEAE, flowers : antispasmodic, diuretic,intestinal bilharziasis, to control molluscs involve in the spreading of bilharziasis
- American Mandrake, Podophyllum peltatum, Podophyllum hexandrum, BERBERIDACEAE, rhizome : anti-mitotic, laxative, dermatology
- Ampelopsis weitchii, buds : to cure rhumatism, anti-inflammatory
- Androgaphis, Andrographis paniculata, ACANTHACEAE, stem and leaves : minor gatric and intestinal disorders, against common cold(viral respiratory infection)
- Aneth, Anethum graveolens, APIACEAE, seeds , essential oil : minor digestive disorders, dyspepsia
- Anetto, Roucou, Bixa orellana = Bixa americana, BIXACEAE, fruit : food coloring
- Angelica, Angelica archangelica, APIACEAE : to regulate digestion, to lower elevated cholesterols
- Anise, Pimpinella anisum, APIACEAE, dry fruit : digestive spasmolytic, against dyspepsia, psychostimulating
- Annona squamosa, ANNONACEAE, fruit, seeds, leaves : provides vitamin C, contains many alcaloïdes, sedative, insecticide
- Antiaris, Antiaris toxicaria, MORACEAE, sap : TOXIC , arrow poison, cardioTOXIC
- Arnica, Arnica montana, ASTERACEAE, dry flowers, tincture : to cure bruises and ecchymosis
- Artichoke, Cynara scolymus, ASTERACEAE, leaves : choleretic and cholagogue, to lower elevated cholesterols
- Ash manna, Fraxinus ornus, OLEACEAE, dry sap: mild laxative
- Asperula, Aspérula odorata, RUBIACEAE, flower and whole plant : sedative, antispasmodic
- Astragalus, Huang-Chi, Astragalus membranaceus, FABACEAE, root : immunostimulating, antiviral, adaptogenic, diuretic, hypotensive
- Avocado, Persea americana = Persea gratissima, LAURACEAE, fruit : cosmetology, dermatology, dietetic, parodontopathies
- Ayahuasca (ou caapi ou yage) , Banisteriopsis caapi, Banisteriopsis inebrians, Banisteriopsis rusbyana, MALPIGHIACEAE , stems : hallucinogenic, psychodysleptic

- Banana tree, Musa acuminata = Musa sapientum, Musa troglodytarum , MUSACEAE, fruit, sap, leaves : dietetic, antiseptic, astringent
- Basil, Ocimum basilicum, LABIATEAE, flowers, leaves, essential oil : digestive, tonic, fever reducing, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory
- Bean, Phaseolus vulgaris, FABACEAE , pod : mild diabete
- Beech tree, Fagus sylvatica, FAGACEAE, bud, bark : antiseptic , fever reducing, may be immunostimulating
- Betel nut, Areca catechu, PALMAEAE, seed (betel nut) : psychostimulating quid, parasympathomimetic
- Birch, Betula pendula = Betula alba, BETULACEAE, bark, leave, buds, sap : diuretic, to cure rhumatism, anti-arthrosis
- Bistort, Polygonum bistorta, POLYGONACEAE, root : astringent
- Bitter melon, Momordica charantia, CUCURBITACEAE, leaves, fruits : dermatology (topic)), antidiabetic
- Bittersweet, Solanum dulcamara, SOLANACEAE, stem :external use in dermatology, slightly TOXIC
- Bitterwood, Simaruba, Simaruba amara, SIMARUBACEAE, wood : tonic, fever reducing, insecticide, provides anti-mitotics
- Black Cohosh, Cimifuga racemosa, RENONCULACEAE, rhizome : antispasmodic, hypotensive
- Black currant, Ribes nigrum, GROSSULARIACEAE, fruit, leave, essential oil, bud : anti-inflammatory, anti-arthrosis, food industry
- Black Hellebore, Helleborus niger, RANUNCULACEAE : TOXIC
- Black horehound, Ballota nigra, LABIATEAE, flowers,: sedative, anxiolytic, to prevent cough
- Bladderwrack, Seawrack, Fucus, Fucus serratus, Fucus vesiculosus, Ascophyllum nodosum, FUCACEAE, whole plant : slimming regime, Functional hypothyroid , immunostimulating
- Blessed or Holy Thistle, Cnidus benedictus, ASTERACEAE, flower : to stimulate an appetite, eupeptic
- Blueberry, Huckleberry, Bilberry, Whortleberry, Cranberry, Vaccinium myrtillus, Vaccinium vitis-idae, Vaccinium macrocarpon, ERICACEAE,fruits, leaves : provide Vitamin A and C, vasculary protector, against digestive and urinary infections , anti-inflammatory, antioxydant
- Boerhaavia, Boerhaavia diffusa, NYCTAGINACEAE, root, leaves : anti-inflammatory, diuretic, to stimulate the appetite, tonic , sudorific
- Boldo, Pneumus boldus, MONIMIACEAE, leave : dyspepsia of hepatic origin, anti-inflammatory
- Borage, Borrago officinalis, BORAGINACEAE, leaves and flowers, seeds : sudorific, traditional "cleaning", medicinal oil in dermatology, dietetic oil
- Bramble bush, Rubus fructicosus, ROSACEAE, leaves, buds : astringent, antidiabetic
- Breadfruit tree, Artocarpus altilis = A. communis = A. incisa, MORACEAE, fruit, latex : proteolytic, hypotensive, astringent, dietetic food(fermented fruit)
- Broom bush, Cytisus scoparius, FABACEAE, dry flowers and small branches, tincture :cardiosedative after a phase cardiotonic, contract womb, diuretic
- Bryony, Bryonia dioica, CUCURBITACEAE, root : TOXIC and caustic, strong purgative (TOXIC)
- Buchu, Barosma bandulina, Barosma crenulata, Barosma serratifolia, RUTACEAE, leave, essential oil : urinary antiseptic, diuretic, food industry and perfumery
- Buckthorn, Rhamnus cathartica, RHAMNACEAE, fruit : laxative, purgative
- Burdock, Arctium lappa, ASTERACEAE , root and leave, tincture : antibacterial, antifungal , dermatology (furonculosis), softening
- Burnet, Poterium sanguisorba, ROSACEAE, whole plant : astringent, to cure bruises and ecchymosis
- Butcher's Broom, Ruscus aculeatus, LILIACEAE, rhizome : vasculary protector, veinotonic

- Cade, Juniperus oxycedrus, CUPRESSACEAE, wood (cade oil ) : dermatology, cosmetology
- Cajeput, Melaleuca cajuputi, MYRTACEAE, leaves, essential oil : antiseptic especially for urinary tract
- Calabash tree, Crescentia cujande, BIGONIACEAE, fruit pulp: antiseptic, antibiotic
- Calotropis, Calotropis procera = calotropis gigantea, ASCLEPIADACEAE, latex : TOXIC, arrow poison
- Camphor, Cinnamomum camphora, LAURACEAE, wood, essential oil : cardio and respiratory tonic, disinfectant, cosmetology
- Canadian Fleabane, Erigeron canadensis, diuretic
- Cannabis, Marijuana, Hemp, Cannabis sativa, CANNABACEAE, resin : psychodysleptic, antalgic, anti-asthma, ILLEGAL TO POSSESS AT PRESENT
- Carapa = Andiroba, Carapa guyanensis, MELIACEAE, fruit, wood, oil : anti-inflammatory, to cure rhumatism, insect repellent, anti-mitotic, cosmetology
- Caraway , Carum carvi, APIACEAE, fruit, essential oil : stomachic, antispasmodic, carminative, anti-dypepsia, seasoning
- Carob, Ceratonia siliqua, CAESALPINIACEAE , seeds : mucilage, colonopathy, slimming regime, drug and food industry
- Carpinus bandula, bud : infections respiratoires, anti-arthrosis, anti-hémorragique (thrombopénie)
- Cascara Sagrada, Rhamnus purshianus, RHAMNACEAE, dry bark : laxative
- Cassia fistula, Cassia senna, CAESALPINIACEAE, leaves, fruit : laxative
- Cassia occidentalis, CAESALPINIACEAE, leaves, root, seeds : fever reducing, sudorific, laxative
- Cath (or Kath), Catha edulis, CELESTRACEAE, leave : stimulating quid ILLEGAL in many countries
- Catnip, Nepeta cataria, LAMIACEAE, flowers, essential oil : antispasmodic, stimulate cats
- Cat's Paw, Antennaria dioica = Gnaphalium dioicum, ASTERACEAE, flower : anti-coughing, immunostimulating
- Cayenne, African Bird Peppers, Hot pepper, Capsicum frutescens, Capsicum annuum, SOLANACEAE, fruit : provide vitamin C, stomachic, tonic, revulsive
- Centaury, Centaurium erythroea, GENTIANACEAE, flowers : to stimulate an appetite, eupeptic, anti-inflammatory, to reduce fever
- Cercis silicastrum, CAESALPINIACEAE, seeds, buds : mucilage, softening, vasculary antispasmodic
- Chaste Tree, Vitex agnus-castus, VERBENACEAE, flower, fruit : progesterone-deficient syndromes, premenstrual syndrome, sexual sedative , anaphrodisiac
- Cherry tree, Prunus cerasus, ROSACEAE, fruit peduncle: diuretic, anti-inflammatory
- Chestnut tree, Castanea vesca, bark, bud, seed : astringent, chronic venous congestion
- Chicory, Cichorium intybus, ASTERACEAE, root : diuretic, dyspepsia
- Chrysantellum, Chrysantellum indicum, ASTERACEAE, whole plant, tincture : to protect hepatocyte, to reduce blood fat, vasculary protector
- Cinnamon, Canela, Cinnamomum zeylicanum, Cinnamomum cassia, LAURACEAE, bark, essential oil : spice, bitter tonic, antiseptic(digestive, skin), dermatology
- Cinquefoil, Silverweed, Potentilla tormentilla, Potentilla reptans, Potentilla anserina ROSACEAE, rhizome : astringent
- Cloves, Pimento, Eugenia caryophyllus = Syzygium aromaticum, Pimenta dioica, Pimenta racemosa , MYRTACEAE, leaves, fruit, floral bud, essential oil : digestive and urinary antiseptic , anti-neuralgia, local anesthesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-dypepsia
- Coca, Erythroxylum coca and Erythroxylum novogranatense, ERYTHROXYLACEAE, leaves : anaesthesic, sympathomimetic, stimulant, stimulating quid
- Cocculus, Cocculus laurifolius, MENISPERMACEAE : hypotensive
- Coconut tree, Cocos nucifera, ARECACEAE= PALMAE, nut, bud, root, sap : edible oily nut, astringent, antiseptic
- Coffee, Coffea arabica, Coffea canephora, RUBIACEAE, seed : stimulant
- Cola ( or Kola ), Cola nitida, STERCULIACEAE, seed : stimulant
- Coleus, Plectranthus amboinicus = Coleus amboinicus, LABIATEAE, whole plant, essential oil : antiseptic, to lower fever, digestive disinfectant
- Coltsfoot, Tussilago farfara, ASTERACEAE, flowers and leaves : anti-coughing, stimulating breathing (asthma, bronchitis)
- Comfrey, Symphytum officinale, BORAGINACEAE, root : external use in dermatology, slow healing cuts and ulcers, itching
- Common ash, Fraxinus excelsior, OLEACEAE, leave, sap, buds : diuretic " depurative ", gout, anti-inflammatory analgesic
- Common Barberry, Berberis vulgaris, Berberis souliena and Berberis wilsonae (asie), BERBERIDACEAE, roots : antibacterial, antifungal, hypotensive, venous tonic
- Coriander, Coriandrum sativum, APIACEAE, fruit, essential oil : digestion regulator, anti-dypepsia, anti-breakdown
- Corn, Zea mais, POACEAE, flower, oil,roots : diuretic, anti-inflammatory, slimming regime
- Cotton plant, Gossypium arboreum, Gossypium herbaceum, Gossypium hirsutum, Gossypium barbadense, MALVACEAE, seeds, flowers, leaves : contraceptive, emollient, mucilage
- Crab grass, Triticum repens = Agropyrum repens = Elymus repens, POACEAE, rhizome : diuretic, urinary tract anti-inflammatory
- Cubeb, Piper cubeba, PIPERACEAE, essential oil : antiseptic
- Curare, Chondrodendron tomentosum, Curarea toxifera, Cissampelos sp., Strychnos toxifera, Strychnos landalis, Strychnos sp.MENISPERMACEAE and LOGANIACEAE, mainly barks : TOXIC, arrow poison, surgery and anesthesiology
- Curcuma zedoaria, ZINGIBERACEAE, rhizome : choleretic and cholagogue, anti-inflammatory, gastritis, food coloring
- Cycas, Cycas revoluta, Cycas circinalis, and other species, Macrozamia sp., Ceratozamia sp., Encephalartos sp., CYCADALES, seeds : TOXIC, carcinogenic
- Cypress, Cupressus sempervirens, CUPRESSACEAE, female cones, tincture : chronic venous congestion, enuresis

- Daisy, Bellis perennis, ASTERACEAE, flowers : anti-inflammatory, cicatrisant, disinfectant
- Dandelion, taraxacum officinale, ASTERACEAE, leaves, root : choleretic and cholagogue, depurative, provides vitamineA
- Deadly nightshade, Atropa belladona, SOLANACEAE , leaves : TOXIC, parasympatolytic alcaloids (hyosciamine, atropine, scopolamine)
- Derris, Derris sp.sp., FABACEAE, root : provides rotenone, insecticide non TOXIC for warm blooded animals
- Devil's Claw, Harpagophytum procumbens, PEDALIACEAE, root : anti-arthrosis, anti-inflammatory
- Dog briar , Rosa canina, ROSACEAE, fruit (cynorrhodon), bud : tonic, astringent, immunostimulating, infections chroniques des voies respiratoires supérieures, miseeds
- Dogwood, Cornus sanguinea, bud, bark, fruit : astringent , may be anticoagulant
- Dong Quai (cured Angelica), Angelica sinensis, APIACEAE , roots : mainly in chinese medicine

- Eggplant, Solanum melongena, SOLANACEAE tincture : to lower elevated cholesterols
- Elder tree, Sambucus nigra, CAPRIFOLIACEAE, flower, fruit, leave, inner bark : purgative, depurative, sudorific, diuretic, vasculary protector, analgesic
- Elecampane, Inula helenium, ASTERACEAE, root and rhizome : diuretic, to ease expectoration, anti-helminthic
- Elm tree, Ulmus campestris, AMENTACEAE, buds, bark : astringent, eczema
- Ephedra, Mormon Tea, Ma Huang, Chinese Ephedra, Ephedra equisandina, Ephedra sinica, Ephedra intermedia, Ephedra gerardiana, EPHEDRACEAE, stem : sympathomimetic, psychostimulating, slimming regime, common cold, sometimes dangerous side-effects
- Ergot, Claviceps purpurea, parasitic fungus, whole plant : TOXIC, contains numerous alcaloids (useful and powerful)
- Eruca sativa, BRASSICACEAE, leaves : tonic, aphrodisiac
- Erysimum, Erysimum officinale, BRASSICACEAE, flower, tincture : anti-inflammatory and antalgic (mouth, throat, respiratory tract)
- Erythraea, Centaurea cyanus, ASTERACEAE, flowers : conjonctivitis
- Eschscholtzia, California Poppy, Eschscholtzia californica, PAPAVERACEAE, aerial parts, tincture : sedative anxiolytic
- Evening Primrose, Oenothera biennis, ONAGRACEAE, seed(oil), whole plant : cosmetology, premenstrual syndrom, to lower elevated cholesterols, astringent
- Eyebright, Euphrasia officinalis, SCROPHULARIACEAE, whole plant : anti-inflammatory eye drops (collyrium), astringent

- False hellebore, Adonis vernalis, RANUNCULACEAE, flowers : cardiotonic and diuretic , TOXIC
- Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare, APIACEAE, fruit, essential oil : dyspepsia, food industry
- Fenugreek, Trigonella foenum graecum, FABACEAE, seed : antidiabetic, to lower elevated cholesterols , to reduce blood fat, can increase body weight
- Fern, Dryopteris filix_mas = polystichum filix mas, ASPIDIACEAE, rhizome : TOXIC, antihelmintic
- Fig tree, Ficus carica, MORACEAE, latex, bud, fruit : proteolytic enzymes, anti-inflammatory, dyspepsia, laxative, may be slightly sedative
- Figwort, Scrofularia nodosa, SCROFULARIACEAE, root : depurative, to cure rhumatism
- Filipendula ulmaria = Spiroea ulmaria, ROSACEAE, flowers : diuretic, sudorific, anti-inflammatory (rhumatism), slimming agent
- Flame lily; glory lily, Gloriosa superba, LILIACEAE, whole plant : TOXIC, provides colchicine
- Foxglove, Digitalis lanata, Digitalis purpurea, SCROPHULARIACEAE, leave : TOXIC, cardiotonic
- Fumitory, Fumaria officinalis, FUMARIACEAE, flowers : choleretic and cholagogue, dypepsia of hepatic origin

- Galega, Galega officinalis, FABACEAE, whole plant : antidiabetic
- Gallberry, Ilex aquifolium, ILEACEAE, bud, leave : to cure rhumatism
- Garlic, Allium sativum, LILLIACEAE, bulb : anti-arteriosclerosis, hypotensive, to reduce blood fat, fibrinolytic, to prevent platelet aggregation, immunostimulating, antibiotic
- Gentian, Gentiana lutea, GENTIANACEAE, root : to stimulate an appetite, stomachic , food industry with G. pannonica, G. punctata, G. purpurea
- Geranium robertianum, GERANIACEAE, whole plant : astringent
- German camomille, Chamomilla recutita = Matricaria chamomilla, ASTERACEAE ,dry flowers, essential oil : anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, minor digestive disorders, against itching in dermatology, cosmetology and perfumery
- Ginger, Zingiber officinalis, ZINGIBERACEAE, rhizome : choleretic and cholagogue, bitter tonic, to protect hepatocyte, to prevent sea sickness
- Ginkgo, Maidenhair Tree, Gingko biloba, GINKGOACEAE, leaves : veinotonic, vasculary protector, anti-inflammatory, impaired cerebral blood supply
- Golden Seal, Hydrastis, Hydrastis canadensis, RANONCULACEAE, rhizome : vasculary protector
- Goldenrod, Solidago virga-aurea, ASTERACEAE, flowers : diuretic, anti-inflammatory
- Gotu kola, Centella asiatica, APIACEAE, leaves, whole plant : dermatology (ulcers, slow healing sores, burns)
- Grape fruit, Citrus paradisi, Citrus decumana, RUTACEAE, fruit, essential oil, seeds : slimming regime, mild laxative, seeds : antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal, antioxydant, disinfectant (food industry)
- Grapevine, Vitis vinifera, VITACEAE, leaves, seeds, fruit : vasculary protector, anti-inflammatory, antioxydant, provides vitamins and unsaturated oil
- Greater Celandine, Chelidonium majus, PAPAVERACEAE, whole plant, latex : biliary colic, choleretic and cholagogue, warts, TOXIC
- Guarana, paillinia cupana, SAPINDACEAE, seed : stimulant, astringent
- Guava, Psidium guajava, MYRTACEAE, fruits, leaves, bark : provides vitamin C, astringent, antiseptic
- Gum tree, Eucalyptus, Eucalyptus globulus, E. radiata, E. fruticandorum, E. dives, MYRTACEAE, leaves, essential oil : antiseptic (especially respiratory), antidiabetic
- Gumweed, Grindelia robusta, Grindelia sqarrosa, Grindelia humilis, Grindelia camporum, ASTERACEAE, flower : anti-asthma, spasmolytic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory
- Gymnema sylvestre = Periploca sylvestris, ASCLEPIADACEAE, leave and stem : diabetes, to lower elevated cholesterols

- Hawthorn, Crataegus monogyna, C. laevigata=oxyacantha, C. pentagyna, C. nigra, C. azarolus, ROSACEAE, flowers, buds, tincture : sedative, sympathetic-related tachycardia
- Hazel nut treer, Corylus avellana, CORYLACEAE, essential oil, leaves, buds, bark(young branches): astringent, vasculary protector, antalgic, anti-inflammatory, cosmetology, dermatology
- Heather, Erica cinerea, Calluna vulgaris, ERICACEAE, flowers and flowers : diuretic and urinary antiseptic (urethritis and cystitis )
- Hellebore, Veratrum album, LILIACEAE, root : TOXIC
- Hemlocks, Conium maculatum , Cicuta virosa , APIACEAE, whole plant : VERY TOXIC, exceptionally local analgesic
- Hemp Agrimony, Eupatorium cannabinum, ASTERACEAE, whole plant : choleretic and cholagogue, immunostimulating, chronic liver problems
- Henbane, Hyoscyamus niger, Hyoscyamus muticus, SOLANACEAE, leaves : TOXIC, contain parasympatholytic alcaloids(hyoscyamine, atropine, scopolamine)
- Henna, Lawsonia inermis, LYTHRACEAE, leaves : antifungal, food coloring , cosmetology and dermatology
- Heracleum spondylium, APIACEAE, whole plant but mainly roots : moderate hypotensive, aphrodisiac (vasodilatation)
- Hibiscus , Hibiscus rosa sinensis, MALVACEAE, flowers : emollient, softening mucilage
- Hibiscus sabdariffa, MALVACEAE, flower, eupeptic(to stimulate an appetite), vasculary protector, spasmolytic, oestrogenic
- Hops, Humulus lupulus, CANNABACEAE, female flower: sexual sedative, mild anxiolytic, to stimulate an appetite
- Horehound, Marrubium vulgare, LABIATEAE, flower : chronic bronchitis
- Horse chesnut, Aesculus hippocastanum, HIPPOCASTANACEAE, fresh seeds, bark, buds, tincture : anti-inflammatory, Venous stasis in pelvis and legs, vasculary protector, hemorroids
- Horseradish, Raphanus sativus niger, BRASSICACEAE, root and fresh juice : choleretic and cholagogue, respiratory infections, skin burns
- Horsetail, Equisetum arvense, Equisetum fluviatile, Equisetum hyemale, EQUISETACEAE, aerial parts : diuretic, contain minerals, hemostatic, cosmetology
- Hyssop, Hyssopus officinalis, LABIATEAE, aerial parts, essential oil : bronchitis, common cold, essential oil NEUROTOXIC

- Iboga, Tabernanthe iboga, APOCYNACEAE, root : TOXIC, stimulant, aphrodisiac, hallucinogenic
- Incense, Boswellia sp.sp., commiphora sp.sp., BURSERACEAE, gum-resin : local antiseptic and respiratory antiseptic
- Ipecac, Cephaelis ipecacuanha, Cephaelis acuminata, RUBIACEAE, root : emetic (induce vomiting), anti-amebiasis
- Ipomea violacea, Rivea corymbosa, CONVOLVULACEAE, seeds : hallucinogenic, psychodysleptic
- Ispaghula, Plantago ovata, PLANTAGINACEAE, seed : laxative , to lower elevated cholesterols and glycemia
- Ivy, Hedera helix, ARALIACEAE, wood, leaves : cosmetology and dermatology, mild bronchitis, slimming regime (cellulitis), antifungal, antibacterial, parasiticidal

- Jaborandi, Pilocarpus microphyllus, Pilocarpus jaborandi, Pilocarpus pennatifolius, Pilocarpustrachylophus, Pilocarpus racemosus, RUTACEAE, leaves : parasympathomimetic (eye drops against glaucoma)
- Jalap, Ipomea orizabensis, Ipomea purga, Convolvulus scamonnia , Operculina turpandhum (turbith ) , CONVOLVULACEAE, roots : TOXIC, strong purgative
- Jequirity, Indian bead, Abrus precatorius, FABACEAE, seeds, root : TOXIC, contains liquorice
- Jojoba, Simmondsia sinensis, BUXACEAE, seed : cosmetology (wax)
- Jujube plum, Zizyphus vulgaris, Zizyphus mauritiana, RHAMNACEAE, fruit, seed : anti-inflammatory, antalgic, to reduce fever, sedative, dental gel
- Juniper, Juniperus communis, CUPRESSACEAE, fruit, essential oil, bud : stomachic, diuretic, urinary antiseptic, digestive antiseptic, food industry

- Kalanchoe pinnata = Bryophyllum pinnata, CRASSULACEAE, leaves, sap : healing product, anti-inflammatory, to prevent coughing
- Kamala, Mallotus philippinensis, EUPHORBIACEAE, fruits, seeds : food coloring, antihelminthic
- Karaya, Sterculia urens, STERCULIACEAE, gum : slimming regime, mild laxative, drug industry, cosmetology
- Kava, Piper methysticum, PIPERACEAE, root : sedative, anxiolytic
- Khella, Bishops's Weed Ammi visnaga, APIACEAE, seeds : spasmolytic (smooth-muscle relaxation), vasodilatation of coronary artery
- Kinkeliba, Combrandum micranthum, COMBRETACEAE, dyspepsia of hepatic origin, choleretic and cholagogue, diuretic
- Knotgrass Polygonum aviculare, POLYGONACEAE, root : astringent, tonic, antidiabetic
- Konjac, Amorphophallus konjac, ARACEAE, tuber : slimming regime, anti-arteriosclerosis
- Kumis kucing, Orthosiphon, Java tea, Orthosiphon stamineus, LABIATEAE, leaves : diuretic, slimming regime, urinary lithiasis

- Ladies mantle, Alchemilla vulgaris, ROSACEAE, aerial parts: astringent
- Laminaria digitata, Laminaria hyperborea, Laminaria saccharina, LAMINARIACEAE, thallus : provide iodine, minerals, alginic acid and alginate : various gastric and intestinal disorders, food and drug industry, cosmetology, slimming regime, stem used in surgery
- Lamium album, LABIATEAE, flower : astringent, cosmetology, gynecology
- Lantana, Lantana camara, Lantana involucrata, VERBENACEAE, leaves : to reduce fever, fruit TOXIC
- Laurel, Laurus nobilis , LAURACEAE, leave, fruit, essential oil : spice, bitter tonic, antiseptic, parasiticidal
- Lavander : Lavandula augustifolia = Lavandula officinalis = Lavandula vera, Lavandula latifolia = Lavandula spicata, LABIATEAE, dry flowers, essential oil : antiseptic, anti-breakdown, antispasmodic, sedative, diuretic
- Lemon balm, Melissa officinalis, LABIATEAE, dry leave, essential oil : mild sedative, anti-dypepsia, antispasmodic, antifungal, antibacterial
- Lemon grass, Cymbopogon citratus, Andropogon citratus, POACEAE, stem and leave , essential oil : sudorific, sedative anti-spasmodic, antiseptic, parasiticidal
- Lespedeza capitata, FABACEAE, whole plant : diuretic, and may be to lower elevated cholesterols
- Liban cedar, Cedrus libani, buds, essential oil : psoriasis, dry eczema, perfumery
- Lignum vitae, Gaïac, Guaiacum officinale, ZYGOPHYLLACEAE, resin : traditionally against syphilis
- Lilac, Serynga vulgaris, LIGUSTRACEAE, bud : antispasmodic
- Lily of the Valley, Convallaria majalis, LILIACEAE, whole plant : TOXIC, cardiotonic
- Linden tree, Tillia europaea, Tillia tomentosa, Tillia cordata, Tillia platiphyllos, TILLIACEAE, flowers and bracts, sapwood, buds : sedative, antispasmodic, dyspepsia, spasmolytic (digestive, urinary, respiratory) , to control bodyweight
- Linen, Linum usitatissimum, LINACEAE , seed : laxative( mucilage) , digestive inflammation, emmolient
- Liquorice, Glycyrrhiza glabra, FABACEAE, root : anti-inflammatory, against gastric ulcer and gastritis, sweetening agent, immunostimulating, antiviral
- Lithospermum ofiicinale, Lithospermum ruderale, BORAGINACEAE, leaves, roots : antigonadotrop, contraceptive
- Lobelia, Indian Tobacco, Lobelia inflata, LOBELIACEAE, stem and flowers: to ease breathing, spasmodic asthma, tobacco detoxication, TOXIC

- Madder, Rubia tinctorium, FABACEAE, root, tincture : urinary lithiasis, diuretic
- Malabar tamarind, Garcinia cambogia, CLUSIACEAE, resin (gum), fruit : purgative, obesity
- Mallow, Mauve, Althoea officinalis, Malva sylvestris, Althoea rosea and autres Malva sp., MALVACEAE, root, leave, flower : emollient ,mucilage
- Manchineel tree, Hippomane mancinella, EUPHORBIACEAE, latex (sap), fruit, leaves, wood : TOXIC, caustic
- Mango tree, Mangifera indica, ANACARDIACEAE, fruit, leave, bark : provides vitamine A and C, astringent, antiseptic
- Maple tree, Acer campestre, buds : diabetes, immunostimulating
- Marigold, Calendula officinalis, ASTERACEAE, flowers : anti-inflammatory, healing, antibacterial, cosmetology
- Marjoram, Origanum majorana, LABIATEAE, flower, essential oil : antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative
- Mate, Ilex paraguariensis, AQUIFOLIACEAE, leave : stimulant, diuretic
- Meadow saffron, Colchicum autumnale, LILIACEAE, seed and bulb VERY TOXIC, anti-mitotic, anti-inflammatory, to cure gout
- Menyanthes trifoliata, GENTIANACEAE, leave : stomachic, to stimulate an appetite
- Milk Thistle, Silybum marianum, ASTERACEAE, fruit(seeds), tincture : chronic liver problems, acute and chronic hepatitis, and cirrhosis, dyspepsia
- Milkweed, Asclepias curassavica, ASCLEPIADACEAE, whole plant, latex : cardiotonic but TOXIC
- Mint, Mentha piperita, Mentha spicata, Mentha arvensis, LABIATEAE, leaves, flowers, essential oil : antiseptic, diuretic, sedative, digestive antispasmodic, local anesthesic
- Missouri Snakeroot, Purple Coneflower, echinacea purpurea, echinacea angustifolia, echinacea pallida, ASTERACEAE, root, tincture : immunostimulating
- Misteltoe, Viscum album, LORANTHACEAE , stem with leaves, bud, tincture : hypotensive, cytotoxic, to lower elevated cholesterols, immunostimulating
- Moringa, Moringa oleifera, MORINGACEAE, leaves, fruit, seeds : revulsive, sedative, migraine, Ben's oil
- Mugwort, Artemisia vulgaris, ASTERACEAE, leaves and flowers, essential oil : eupeptic, antispasmodic, to promote menses(traditional), dysmenorrhea
- Mukul myrrh tree, Guggul, Commiphora guggul, BURSERACEAE, resin : to lower elevated cholesterols
- Mulberry tree (black mulberry), Morus nigra, MORACEAE, leave, bud : antidiabetic, astringent
- Mullein, verbascum thapsus, verbascum densiflorum, verbascum phlomoides, SCROPHULARIACEAE, flowers and leaves : diuretic, sudorific, emollient
- Myrt, Myrtus communis, MYRTACEAE, leaves, fruit : respiratory and urinary antiseptic, skin antiseptic

- Neem, Azadirachta indica, MELIACEAE, bark, leave, seed's oil: ayurvedic medicine, parasiticidal, tonic, insecticide
- Nettle (stinging), Urtica dioica, URTICACEAE, leaves, root : diuretic, anti-inflammatory urinaire, prostatic adenoma, tonic
- Niaouli, Melaleuca viridiflora = Melaleuca quinquenervia, Melaleuca quiquenervia, Melaleuca alternifolia, MYRTACEAE, leaves , essential oil : antiseptic (respiratory, urinary, cutaneous)
- Nigella sativa, RENUNCULACEAE : antihistaminic, migraine
- Nightshade(Black or Common) , Solanum nigrum, SOLANACEAE , whole plant : TOXIC, traditional use : antispasmodic and analgesic
- Noni, Indian mulberry, Morinda, Morinda citrifolia, RUBIACEAE, fruit, root : immunostimulating, anti-inflammatory, antalgic
- Nutmeg, Myristica fragrans, MYRISTICACEAE, nut, fruit , essential oil : antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, tonic, TOXIC
- Nux vomica tree, Strychnos nux-vomica, LOGANIACEAE, seeds : homeopathy, TOXIC

- Oak, Quercus pedonculata, Quercus robur and other species included Quercus infectoria, ARMENTACEAE, bark, seed, buds, leaves gall: astringent, " depurative " , tonic
- Ocimum gratissimum, O. micranthum, LABIATEAE, flowers, leaves, essential oil : anti-dypepsia, antiseptic, febrifuge, provides eugénol
- Okra, Gombo, Hibiscus esculentus, MALVACEAE, fruit : softening mucilage, gastro-enteritis
- Oleander, Nerium oleander, APOCYNACEAE, leaves, latex, wood : cardiotonic, TOXIC
- Olive tree, Olea europea, OLEACEAE, fruit, leaves, young branches : medicinal end edible oil, hypotensive, antidiabetic, to lower elevated cholesterols
- Onion, Allium cepa, LILIACEAE, bulb : diuretic, to lower glycemia
- Ononis spinosa, FABACEAE, root and whole plant : diuretic, urinary antiseptic
- Opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, PAPAVERACEAE, latex, aerial parts : hypnotic, analgesic, anti-coughing, major drug
- Orange tree, Bigaradier, Citrus sinensis, Citrus aurantium, RUTACEAE, fruit, leaves, flowers, essential oil : provide vitamin C, digestive antispasmodic, mild sedative, vasculary protector
- Origano, Origanum vulgare, LABIATEAE=LAMIACEAE, flowers, essential oil : antiseptic, antibacterial, carminative, stomachic

- Panama wood, Quillaja, Quillaja saponaria, CARIOPHYLLACEAE, wood : détergent, cosmetology and dermatology (may be also to lower elevated cholesterols and immunostimulating)
- Panax, Ginseng, Panax ginseng, ARALIACEAE, root : adaptogenic, tonic, antioxydant, metabolic stress
- Parietaria officinalis, URTICACEAE, whole fresh plant : diuretic, emollient (external use)
- Parsley, Petroselinum crispum = Petroselinum sativum= Petroselinum hortense, APIACEAE, leaves, stems, seeds, essential oil : provide vitamin C, stomachic, diuretic, urinary disinfectant
- Passion fruit, barbadine, maracudja, , Passiflora quadrangularis, P. edulis, P. foandida, PASSIFLORACEAE, fruits, leaves , sap: provide vitamin C, anti-inflammatory, to cure bruises and ecchymosis
- Pawpaw, Carica papaya, CARICACEAE, fruit, latex, seeds, leaves : provide Vitamin A and C, proteolytic latex, antihelminthic, back surgery, poor digestion
- Peper, Piper negrum, PIPERACEAE, fruit : spice,stomachic, sedative, ayurvedic medecine
- Periwinkle, Vinca minor, APOCYNACEAE, leaves : provides vincamine, impaired cerebral blood supply (geriatry)
- Peyotl, Peyote, Echinocactus williamsii, CACTACEAE, aerial parts : psychodysleptic (often prohibited)
- Phytostigma venenosum, FABACEAE, seed : TOXIC, parasympathomimetic
- Pilosella, Hieraclium pilosella, ASTERACEAE, whole plant : diuretic
- Pine, Fir, Spruce, Pinus sylvestris, Abies pectinata, Pinus pinaster, Pinus montana, Picea abies and many other species, PINACEAE, buds, térébenthine, essential oils : antiseptic (respiratory and urinary), anti-arthrosis (Pinus montana)
- Pineapple, Ananas, Ananas comosus = Ananas sativus, BROMELIACEAE, mature fruit , stems : vitamin C, proteolytic enzymes, anti-inflammatory, to prevent platelet aggregation
- Plantain, Plantago major, Plantago lanceolata, PLANTAGINACEAE, leaves, seeds : healing, to cure bruises and ecchymosis, mild astringent , laxative (mucilage)
- Platane, Platanus orientale, PLATANACEAE, buds : dermatology
- Poke Root, Phytolacca americana : astringent, antiviral
- Pomegranate tree, Punica granatum, PUNICACEAE, fruit , root : astringent, provides vitamin C, antiheminthic
- Poplar tree, Populus nigra, Populus tremula, SALICACEAE, buds, leaves : vasculary antispasmodic (arterit), mild anti-inflammatory , anti-arthrosis
- Poppy, Papaver rhoeas, PAPAVERACEAE , petals : light sedative
- Prickly Poppy, Mexican poppy, Argemone mexicana, PAPAVERACEAE, whole plant, seeds, latex : TOXIC, latex to cure warts
- Primerose, Primula officinalis, Primula elatior, Primula vulgaris, PRIMULACEAE, flowers, young leaves, roots : anti-coughing, antispasmodic, anti-migraine, to cure bruises and ecchymosis, provides vitamin C
- Prunus laurocerasus, ROSACEAE, fresh leave: TOXIC, antispasmodic, coughing, stimulating breathing, seed TOXIC
- Psyllium, Psyllium afra=Psyllium psyllium, Psyllium arenaria=P. indica=P. racemosa, PLANTAGINACEAE , seeds : laxative (mucilage), to lower elevated cholesterols
- Pulsatilla, Anemone pulsatilla, RENUNCULACEAE, whole plant, upper part with flowers : antispasmodic, sedative, TOXIC when fresh
- Purple loosestrife, lythra salicaria, LYTHRACEAE, flowers : astringent, vasculary protector
- Purslane, Portulacca oleracea, PORTULACACEAE, leaves, stems : provides vitamin C, hypotensive, antidiabetic, diuretic

- Quassia, Quassia amara, SIMARUBACEAE, wood : tonic, fever reducing, provides alcaloids
- Quinghao, Artemisia annua, ASTERACEAE, whole plant : antimalaric, fever reducing
- Quinquina, Quinine tree, Cinchona pubescens, C. ledgeriana, C. officinalis, C. calisaya, RUBIACEAE, bark : antimalaric(schizonticide), tonic, fever reducing

- Ranunculus ficaria, RANUNCULACEAE, roots : hemorroids, anti-inflammatory
- Raspberry bush, Rubus idaeus, ROSACEAE, leaves and young stems, buds, tincture : astringent, dysmenorrhea (traditionally antispasmodic)
- Ratanhia, Krameria triandra, KRAMERIACEAE, root : astringent
- Rauwolfia, Rauwolfia serpentina, R. vomitoria, R. tandraphylla, APOCYNACEAE, root : hyppotenseur and sedative, provides réserpine, raubasine and ajmaline, ayurvedic medicine
- Rhamnus paliurus, RHAMNACEAE, fruit : diuretic, to eliminate uric acid
- Rhapontic, Rheum compactum, Rheum rhaponticum, POLYGONACEAE, rhizome and leave's stem : stem comestible, root laxative
- Rhubarb, Rheum palmatum, Rheum officinale, POLYGONACEAE, rhizome : laxative and aussi astringent local, très utilisé en médecine chinoise
- Ricin, Ricinus communis, EUPHORBIACEAE, leave, seed : TOXIC, provide an industrial oil, strong purgative, anticancer
- Ringworm bush, Cassia alata, CAESALPINIACEAE, leaves : laxative, antifungal
- Rollinia mucosa, ANNONACEAE, seeds : insecticide
- Roman Chamomile, Chamomilla nobile, Anthemis nobilis, ASTERACEAE, flower, whole plant, essential oil, tincture : antispasmodic (digestive), dyspepsia, dermatology (softening, against itching)
- Rose, Rosa gallica, ROSACEAE, flower bud, petals : astringent, disinfectant
- Rosemary, Rosmarinus officinalis, LABIATEAE, leaves, essential oil : antibacterial, spasmolytic, bitter tonic, cholagogue, to protect hepatocyte, diuretic, antioxydant
- Rue,Herb of grace, Ruta graveolens, RUTACEAE, whole plant, essential oil : TOXIC, to promote menses
- Rye, Secale cereale, POACEAE, small roots : dermatology, may be for chronic liver problems

- Safflower, Carthamus tinctorius, ASTERACEAE, flowers and seeds : unsaturated oil and food coloring, chronic venous congestion, analgesic
- Sage, Salvia officinalis, S. lavandifolia, S. sclarea, LABIATEAE, leaves, essential oil : antispasmodic (digestive), tonic, stimulant, to promote menses (action folliculine-like), essential oil TOXIC
- Sandalwood, Santalum album, Santalum spicatum, SANTALACEAE, wood and essential oil : urinary antiseptic
- Saponin, Saponaria Officinalis, CARYOPHYLLACEAE, whole plant : detergent (external use), acne
- Savory (mountain), Satureja montana, LABIATEAE, essential oil, aerial parts : essential oil antiseptic(digestive, resppiratory, urinary), possibly TOXIC, infusion and tincture perhaps aphrodisiac
- Saw palmetto, Sabal serrulata = Serenoa repens , ARECACEAE = PALMAE, fruit (nut) : prostatic adenoma
- Sea buckthorn, Hippophae rhamnoides, ELAEGNACEAE, fruits : tonic, against infections, vitamin C
- Semen-contra, Artemisia cina = Artemisia maritima, ASTERACEAE, flowers : antihelminthic, nematicid, TOXIC
- Sempervirum tectorum, GRASSULACEAE, leaves, sap : astringent and topic in dermatology
- Senega Snakeroot, Milkwort, Polygala, Polygala senega, Polygala tenuifolia, POLYGALACEAE, root : expectorant
- Senna, Cassia senna, CAESALPINIACEAE, leaves : laxative
- Service tree, Sorbus domestica, Sorbus aucuparia, ROSACEAE, fruit (sorbs), buds : astringent, vitamin C, vasculary protector
- Shea nut, Butyrospermum parkii, SAPOTACEAE, seeds : cosmetology
- Shepherd's Purse, Capsella bursa pastoris, BRASSICACEAE, whole plant, tincture : varicose, venous deficiency, womb bleeding (benign passive capillary bleeding from uterus)
- Siberian Ginseng, Eleutherococcus senticosus, ARALIACEAE, root : adaptogenic, antioxydant, tonic
- Snake root, Aristolochia clematis, ARISTOLOCHIACEAE, leaves and roots : astringent, diuretic, to promote menses
- Soursop, Annona muricata, ANNONACEAE, fruit, leaves, essential oil, seeds : edible fruit, sedative, insecticide, provide various alcaloids
- Sqill, Urginea maritima = Drimia maritima, Urginea indica = Drimia indica, LILIACEAE, bulb : provides procillaridine, cardiotonic, diuretic, expectorant
- Squash, Cucurbita pepo, CUCURBITACEAE, seeds : antihelminthic, prostate adenome
- St. Johns Wort, Hypericum perforatum, CLUSIACEAE, flower, tincture : antiseptic, healing, local analgesic, anti-breakdown, dermatology and cosmetology
- Stachytarpheta jamaicensis, VERBENACEAE, leave and stem : digestive, diuretic, flowers emollient
- Star Anise, Illicium verum (from China), Illicium anisatum=religiosum (from Japan), ILLIACEAE, fruit : dyspepsia, colitis
- Strawberry, Fragaria vesca, ROSACEAE, root, leaves, tincture : tonic astringent, antidiabetic
- Strophantus, Strophantus hispidus, Strophantus gratus, APOCYNACEAE, seeds : provide ouabaine, cardiotonic
- Strychnos ignatii, LOGANIACEAE, seed : TOXIC, arrow poison, homeopathy
- Sundew, Drosera rotundifolia, Drosera intermedia, Drosera anglica, Drosera peltata, Drosera ramantacea, DROSERACEAE, whole plant : antispasmodic, light sedative
- Sweet clover, Melilotus officinalis, FABACEAE, flower : chronic venous congestion

- Tamanu, Calophylle, Calophyllum inophyllum, CLUSIACEAE, fruit (kernel), oil : against infections, anti-inflammatory, anti-neuralgia, vasculary protector, to cure rhumatism, cosmetology
- Tamarind tree, Tamarindus indica, CAESALPINIACEAE, fruit, leave, bark : seasoning, mild laxative (fruit), astringent antiseptic, hypoglycémiant
- Tamus communis, DIOSCOREAE, root-tuber : TOXIC, external use(bruises, hematoma)
- Tanacetum vulgare, ASTERACEAE, whole plant : antihelminthic, essential oil TOXIC
- Tea tree, Camellia sinensis = Thea sinensis = Camellia thea, THEACEAE , young leaves : stimulant, diuretic, mild astringent
- Teucrium chamoedrys, Teucrium polium, Teucrium marum, LABIATEAE, flowers : antiseptic, dyspepsia, mild sedative but with possible liver toxicity
- Thorn Apple, Datura, Datura stramonium, SOLANACEAE, leave : provides alcaloids(scopolamine, atropine), TOXIC
- Thuja, Thuya occidentalis, CUPRESSACEAE, leaves, bark, essential oil : homeopathy, dermatology (warts)
- Thyme, Thymus vulgaris, Thymus serpyllum, LABIATEAE, leaves and flowers, essential oil : antiseptic (digestive, urinary, repiratory, cutaneous), antispasmodic, fever reducing, immunostimulating
- Tobacco, Nicotiania tabacum, Nicotiania rustica, SOLANACEAE, leaves : addicting drug, stimulating
- Trefoil, Bird's foot, Lotus corniculata, FABACEAE, flowers : mild sedative
- Tropical almond tree, Terminalia catappa, COMBRETACEAE, fruit, leave, bark : astringent, antidiabetic, edible kernel
- Tropical Periwinkle, Catharantus roseus, APOCYNACEAE, whole plant : provides important alcaloids, anti-mitotic, antidiabetic
- Tropoleum majus, TROPAEOLACEAE, whole plant, leave : dermatology, cosmetology, bronchitis
- Turmeric, Curcuma, Curcuma longa, ZINGIBERACEAE, rhizome, essential oil : choleretic and cholagogue, anti-inflammatory, gastritis, food coloring

- Uva Ursi, Bearberry, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, ERICACEAE, leaves : urinary infections

- Valerian, Valeriana officinalis, VALERIANACEAE, rhizome and roots : sedative, antispasmodic
- Verbena, Verbena officinalis, VERBENACEAE, plant and flower : mild sedative, antispasmodic
- Viburnum lantana, RUBIACEAE, buds : asthme
- Violet, Viola odorata, Viola lutea, VIOLACEAE, whole plant, flower, root : emollient, softening, anti-coughing

- Walnut tree, Juglans regia, JUGLANDACEAE, leaves, fruit tegument, nut, buds : astringent, antidiabetic, antibacterial, antifungal, vasculary protector, cosmetology, dermatology
- Water lily, Nymphea alba, Nuphar luteum, NYMPHEACEAE, rhizome, flowers : anaphrodisiac, sedative, dermatology, against itching
- Wild pansy, Viola tricolor, VIOLACEAE, flower : eczéma, dermatosis
- Willow, Salix alba, S. purpurea, S. Fragilis, SALICACEAE, leave, bark : anti-inflammatory, antalgic, sexual sedative
- Witch Hazel, Hamamelis virginiana, HAMAMELIDACEAE, leave, tincture : astringent, vasculary protector, veinotonic, hemorroids
- Wormseed, Chenopodium ambrosioides, CHENOPODIACEAE, leaves, essential oil : antihelminthic, TOXIC
- Wormwood, Artemisia absinthium, ASTERACEAE, leaves and flowers , essential oil : eupeptic, stimulating appetite,bitter tonic but essential oil TOXIC

- Yam, Dioscorea sp.sp. , DIOSCOREACEAE : provides diosgenin (steroid synthesis)
- Yarrow, Milfoil, Achillea Millefolium, ASTERACEAE , flowers, tincture : anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, dermatology
- Yellow Jasmine, Gelsemium sempervirens, LOGANIACEAE, rhizome and root : TOXIC, anti-neuralgia, analgesic, antispasmodic
- Yellow Oleander, Thevetia, Thevetia nereifolia = Thevetia peruviana, APOCYNACEAE, fruit, leave, latex : TOXIC, cardiotonic
- Yew, Taxus baccata, Taxus brevifolia, TAXACEAE, bark : TOXIC, anti-mitotic, anticancer
- Ylang-ylang, Cananga odorata, ANNONACEAE, flower, essential oil : antiseptic, hypotensive, aphrodisiac, perfumery

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